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The first-generation Chrysler minivans are a beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze of minivans produced and marketed by the Chrysler Corporation in North American and Europe from to Sold in both passenger and cargo configurations, the series is the first of six generations of Chrysler minivans. Launched in November for the model year, the Chrysler minivans were produced in a single body style, with the extended-length Grand Caravan and Grand Voyager introduced in For export, Chrysler beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze the Chrysler Voyager, competing against the Renault Espace which began life as a Talbot, part of the former Chrysler Europe [2].

Beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze development of what became the Chrysler minivans began in the early s, as both Ford Motor Company and the truck division of Dodge began separate projects on "garageable vans".

Intended as a more powerful, safer-handling alternative to the Volkswagen Microbus, both companies sought to create vehicles capable as a second car. It was rejected for the same reason, that GM would have done it already if it was a viable idea. At the end ofdevelopment of Chrysler minivans restarted with four main goals, with a planned model year launch. Ultimately, the L-body was ruled out, as it was considered too light-duty for either the size of the vehicle or its planned six-cylinder engine.

The same year, the truck engineering division of Dodge was merged within its car counterpart of Chrysler. ByChrysler chose front-wheel drive for the minivan project, codenamed "T".

From is approval to the launch, the proposed design would undergo several major changes. Originally intended to use four sedan-style doors similar to a station wagonChrysler changed to two sliding doors for the rear, claiming better parking-lot access. The design was later changed to a single sliding door, as Chrysler wanted to market the van to commercial buyers; while engineers wanted to make the left-side door an option. The decision to go with a single sliding door was done to reduce costs.

Drivetrain choices proved problematic as the K-car 2. The Mitsubishi 2. Launched in November for the model year, Chrysler marketed the first-generation minivans as the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager, along with the Mini Ram Van cargo van.

While the Dodge Caravan nameplate was used for the first time, Plymouth had used the Voyager nameplate since on its version of the Dodge Sportsman full-size passenger van. Starting inthe Chrysler Voyager was exported to markets outside of the United States and Canada. Several seating configurations were offered, depending on trim level.

The standard configuration of five-passenger seating in two rows was included with seven or eight-passenger seating in three rows; the back two seats were two-passenger and three-passenger bench seats in the style of a larger van, these latched to the floor.

Two styles of rear seats were offered. The three-passenger rear bench was adjustable for passenger legroom or cargo space; the seatback beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze folded down when not in use.

At their launch, as with the K-Cars, the Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager were externally distinguished largely by their grilles. Both vehicles were fitted with four headlights, with the Caravan fitted with an eggcrate grille while the Voyager was fitted with a horizontally-oriented grille. Beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze what would become a signature styling feature of s Chrysler minivans, top-trim Caravans and Voyagers were both offered with simulated woodgrain as beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze option.

In following with many other Chrysler vehicles, forChrysler minivans shifted from 4-lug to 5-lug wheels. To reduce high-speed wind noise, Chrysler added a bumper-mounted air dam.

Chrysler Museum. The model year saw a mid-cycle update to the S-platform minivans. Largely centered around the May introduction of the Grand Caravan and Grand Voyager, the update beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze a new front fascia and taillights. To better differentiate the Caravan from the Voyager, the model lines received different grilles; all models except the Mini Ram Van cargo van were shifted to flush-lens composite headlamps.

The front bench seat and Convert-A-Bed, both seldom ordered, did not return for Forthe minivans saw a minor update. To improve fit and finish, Chrysler redesigned the front and rear bumpers, with single-piece bumper covers, painted to match the color of the body. The earlys K-Car steering wheel was replaced by a 3-spoke design though the rest of the dashboard remained unchanged.

The first-generation Chrysler minivans are based upon the Chrysler S platform, using unibody construction. Contrary to popular belief, the S platform is not directly related to the K platform; [3] [4] though sharing powertrains to lower development and production costs, the S platform has a distinct body structure, allowing for a higher hoodline and seat height.

Adapting the layout of the K platform for a larger vehicle, the S-platform vans were fitted with MacPherson strut front suspension and a beam rear axle with leaf springs. The base 2. The higher performance fuel-injected version of the 2. Alongside the 2. In mid, the base 2. Shortly thereafter, in model yeara more powerful engine became optional: a turbocharged version of the 2.

The V6 engines became popular as sales of the 2. None of the V6 engines nor the turbocharged four were available on the European Chrysler Voyager.

Both a three-speed TorqueFlite A automatic transmission and a five-speed manual were available with most inline-4 engines, including the turbocharged 2. Manual transmissions were beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze available on 2. V6 engines were only offered with the fully hydraulically operated TorqueFlite until the computer controlled Ultradrive 4-speed automatic became available in The Ultradrive offered much better fuel economy and responsiveness, particularly when paired with the inline-4 engine.

However, it suffered from reliability problems, usually stemming from what is known as "gear hunt" or "shift busyness", resulting in premature wear of the internal clutches.

The Ultradrive received numerous design changes in subsequent model years to improve reliability, [ original research? These efforts were mostly successful, and most first-generation Caravans eventually got an updated transmission. The S-platform Dodge Caravan and Plymouth Voyager were both offered in three trim levels, an unnamed base trim level, mid-range SEand top-range LE ; LE-trim minivans were marketed with the option of simulated woodgrain paneling.

Inas part of a minor exterior update, Dodge and Plymouth each gained an additional trim level for the top of the model range, the Dodge Caravan ES and Plymouth Voyager LX, available only in standard-wheelbase configuration.

Chrysler produced two cargo van variants of the S platform, both based upon beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze Dodge Caravan. From toDodge marketed the Mini Ram Van. Several window configurations were available, ranging from either no windows to a full set of windows.

Coinciding with the introduction of the Grand Caravan, cargo van production expanded to both wheelbases. Starting for the model year, Chrysler began exports of minivans to Europe. To accommodate the vehicle for Beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze sale, the Chrysler Voyager was fitted with amber turn signal lenses requiring new taillightsturn signal repeaters, and a model-specific license plate surround adapted for European license plates and embossed with "Chrysler".

Along with its rebranding, the Chrysler Voyager saw internal modifications, largely to comply with European safety and emissions regulations. With the exception of the turbocharged 2. All beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze were produced with woodgrain trim a feature associated with the nameplate. The interior featured model-specific leather seating, leather interior trim panels, all available power-operated equipment, front and rear air conditioning, and an Infinity II sound system.

Original commercials for the Voyager featured magician Doug Henning [12] as a spokesperson beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze promote the Voyager "Magic Wagon's" versatility, cargo space, low step-in height, passenger volume, and maneuverability. Later commercials in featured rock singer Tina Turner. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze Hot ebony granny spread pussy. Riding the Roller Coaster: a history of the Chrysler Corporation.

Wayne State University Press. Retrieved March 4, Retrieved October 10, Retrieved May 11, Retrieved February 28, Retrieved June 24, Retrieved March 6, Dodge truck timeline, North American market, s—present. Ram Truck Division. Ram ProMaster ProMaster City. Cargo Van. Chrysler vehicles.

Pacifica Voyager. Aspen Pacifica. Categories : Dodge vehicles Plymouth vehicles Chrysler vehicles Flexible-fuel vehicles Front-wheel-drive vehicles Minivans Cars introduced in s cars s cars. Hidden categories: Use mdy dates from Beschreibungen der vintage chrysler minivan sitze All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December All articles that may contain original research Articles that may contain original research from February All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from July Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Chrysler Corporation. November 2, [1] — Minivan M. Chrysler minivans AS. Chrysler K. Chrysler Turbo I.


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